The Restriction on the Use of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 2002/95/EC originated in the European Union in 2002 and restricts the use of six hazardous substances found in electrical and electronic equipment. The directive was officially adopted by the EU in February 2003.
RoHS or Restriction of Hazardous Substances, known as Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS-1) was originally put together in 2002. It came into effect in 2006 and restricts the use of 6 hazardous materials found in electrical equipment and electronic products.
RoHS compliance is the directive any business that places the product in the European market must follow if the product comprises one of the 10 restricted substances and RoHS Compliance Testing is the process to confirm that the product passes the directive.
Hexavalent Chromium: ( Cr6+)
Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB)
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE)
Directive 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2), improved regulatory and legal conditions of RoHS 1 while addressing the same substances. Also, RoHS 2 is used as CE marking directive of cables and spare parts.
Directive 2015/863 (RoHS 3), took effect in July 2019, is a further evolution of RoHS 2 and adds four substances to the original directive as stated below.
Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)
Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP)
Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)
Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP)